Thousands of years of Civilizations
Archaeology has been there for centuries. Archaeologists from all nations have
been coming to the Holy Land to dig for ancient ruins much before the State of
has a history of many millenniums and many civilizations have inhabited it and almost
all disappeared from sight. Just the Jewish people have been a part of this
land since the times of the Bible.
concentrates mainly in sites mentioned in the Bible that serves as an
“instruction manual” for the diggings.
Dead Sea Scrolls on display at the Israel Museum Jerusalem
been the most important discovery in Israel Archaeology in recent years. Between the years of
1947-1956 they were discovered in the Caves of Qumran, near Jericho revealing
some of the early copies of the books of the Bible.
also significant discoveries found in places like Beer Sheva, Tiberias, Masada,
Megiddo and more.
All of the
discoveries prove unequivocally the link of the Jewish people to the Land of
Israel from the early years through many conquerors up to the British Mandate
1917-1948 and the Birth of the modern State of Israel.
Antiquities Authority is in charge of the many digs of Israel Archaeology all over the country. We
are going to mention a few.
The Roman Amphitheater in Beit Shean
and Golan Heights
It is one of
the Decapolis of the Roman Empire, showing public streets, theaters, bath
houses. It also shows the Tyche Mosaic, found in a Byzantine room dating to the
6th century. It is without any doubt the best remaining of a Roman
City anywhere discovered.
Located on the Jezreel Valley it is the site
of Armageddon mentioned in the Bible. Archaeologists have discovered layers of
cities dating more than 3,500 years. One of the most important discoveries here
is the Megiddo Underground water system built by King Ahab more than 2,800
This is an important discovery in the Galilee
consisting of an Acropolis and a lower town. The many treasures found in Hatzor
are exhibited in the Israel Museum Jerusalem. This Tel is the one James
Michener used for his great book “The Source”. I read it at least 30 years ago.
Ruins of the Old Synagogue in Capernaum
the shores of the Sea of Galilee is a Synagogue dating to the 2nd
century, built over the original one where Jesus used to pray.
Known as the
church of Multiplication where legend says Jesus performed the miracle of
converting a few loaves of bread and some fish into enough food to feed 5,000
The ruins of
a 3rd century Synagogue of black basalt where discovered in Korazim
one of the places where Jesus preached.
Bar Am Synagogue
Located on the northern border with Lebanon is
said to be the burial site of Queen Esther. Purim was celebrated by reading the
Esther Megillah (Esther’s Scroll) on this site.
Masada of the North, because a similar story of Jews committing suicide by
jumping to their death before surrendering to the Romans. Today many children
celebrate their Bar Mitzvah on the mount.
It was built
by the Crusaders offering an impressive view of the Jordan Valley.
Ruins of the Old Aqueduct of Caesarea
The Roma Port of Caesarea near the Israeli
city of Keysaria featuring a Roman Theater that is used nowadays for great
concerts of local artists.
Caesarea aqueduct that use to flow waters from Mount Carmel.
This is the
name used by the Crusaders for the actual city of Akko has been dominated by
many civilizations during 3,500 years
Philistine harbor city lying on what was the Stella Maris, linking ancient
Egypt with Syria. It was in the hands of Assyrians, Babylonians, Greeks and
Maarat Hamachpelah is one of Judaism Holiest Sites
Judean Hills and Plains
The Tomb of
the Patriarchs in Hebron
Hamachpelah in Hebrew is where the biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
are buried together with their wives Sarah, Rebecca and Leah. Rachel’s tomb is
Byzantine cemeteries and elaborate underground works to protect them from
the Nativity in Bethlehem
revered by the tradition that Jesus was born here around a cave called the
Grotto of the Nativity.
A view of Masada taken from the east
Judean and Negev Deserts
This is by far Israel’s most notorious archaeological
site. It is visited by thousands of tourists a year is a symbol of rebellion of
the Jews against the Romans. Please visit our page on Masada.
This is the
oldest city in the world dating for more than 10,000 years. It features the
Hisham Palace, and its mosaic.
above this is where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1947
This is one
more of the desert fortresses built by King Herod. It is located near
It is one of
the Nabataean cities in the area with Petra as its capital. Please visit our page on Petra Jordan.
The ruins of the City of David in Old Jerusalem
Israel Archaeology in
In Hebrew Ir
David, this is where King David set the foundations of the City of Jerusalem.
This is an
underground complex running for several blocks under the Muslim Quarter in the
Old City Jerusalem.
where Jesus was laid to rest after the Crucifixion, outside the city walls of
This is a
Byzantine street discovered during constructions in the Jewish Quarter. Today
it’s a fancy arcade with shops.
entering a time capsule of the Second Temple Period. It is believed to have
been burnt and sacked in the year 70 C.E.
Dome of the
Was built by Muslims where the Jewish Holy
Temple stood, the site as per Jewish tradition of where Abraham offered to
sacrifice his son Isaac.
considered today as the holiest site of Judaism, but it is visited by people
from all religious. I is also known as the Kotel in Hebrew and as the Wailing
Credits for images for Israel archaeology:
dead sea scrolls- n/a
beith shean kasper nowak
capernaum berthold werner
caesarea ian and wendy sewell
city of david dreror avi
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From Israel Archaeology go to Beit Shean
Go to Akko
Go to Beit Guvrin
Go to Cave of Machpelah
Go to Capernaum
Go to Caesarea
Go to Garden Tomb
Go to Masada
Go to Tel Megiddo
Go to Western Wall
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